# First Grade Learning Goals and Resources

### Goals

• Distinguish long from short vowel sounds in spoken single-syllable words
• Orally produce single-syllable words by blending sounds
• Pronounce initial, medial vowel, and final sounds
• Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words
• Describe characters, settings, and major events in a story
• Compare and contrast characters in stories and two texts on the same topic
• Identify the main topic and retell key details of a nonfiction text

## Writing

### Goals

• Write an information piece focused on a topic; minimum of three sentences
• Write a narrative piece with a clear sequence of events and transition words
• Write an opinion piece with supporting reasons; minimum of four sentences
• Use capital letters appropriately
• Use correct end punctuation
• Correctly spell some high-frequency words
• Use inventive spelling
Student Sample 1
Student Sample 2
Student Sample 3
Student Sample 4

### Goals

• Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve word problems by using objects, drawings, and equations and add and subtract within 20 using a variety of strategies such as counting on or back, making a ten, and doubles plus or minus 1 or 2.

• Understand place value: the two-digit numbers of a two-digit number represent amounts of tens and ones.

• Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories and ask and answer questions about the data.

• Identify basic shapes by their attributes and partition circles and rectangles into two and four equal shares describe the resulting shares using the words halves, fourths, and quarters.

We use Everyday Mathematics (Edition 4), which is a comprehensive Pre-K through grade 6 mathematics program developed by the University of Chicago School Mathematics Project and published by McGraw-Hill Education.

### Family Letters

Stay up-to-date on what your child is learning in class. Family Letters contain background information, vocabulary, games and more for each section (unit).

### Student Log-in Information

Use this link to connect to Everyday Mathematics Today’s Lesson, Math Games, Tutorial Videos, Math Toolbox, the Student Resource Book and more.

Once your student has logged into classlink they can access i-Ready Math lessons that are at their level.

• Becoming a Math Family
A website from the University of Chicago that helps support math learning for 3 to 6-year-olds

• PBS Kids Math Games
Fun online math games

• Math Games with a Deck of Cards
Practice math facts and other math concepts with a deck of cards and two players.

• What is a Ten Frame?
Use a Ten Frame to help your child develop strong number sense, place value sense, and fact fluency.

• DREME blog
Resources and activities for developing math skills

• GVSU Regional Math & Science Center
Math games and activities you can play at home or (school). Most everything you need is included: Rules, materials, and possible questions. In most cases, a video to show how to play the game is provided.

• Talking Math With Your Kids
Math is everywhere in our world! You'll find lots of ideas for talking about math with your child--some you've never even thought of.

• YouCubed
Engaging and inspiring math games, tasks, videos, and articles to help students develop a "Math Mindset."

## Science

### Physical Science (Motion: Pushes and Pulls)

• Position Observations
• Motion Observations
• Push & Pull Forces
• Collisions (cause change in direction and speed)
• Explain Motion
• Gravity
• Causes of a Change in Motion

### Earth Science (Weather and Climate)

• Weather Observations
• Collecting Weather Data
• Temperature
• Wind
• Cloud Observations (cloudy, partly cloudy, dark, white, etc.)
• Measuring Rain
• Snowflakes, Hail, and Sleet
• Seasons

### Life Science (Plants and Animals)

• Living vs. Nonliving
• What Living Things Need
• Plant/Animal Habitats
• Worm/Pill Bug Observations and Investigations
• Plant Seeds
• Plants and Animals Cause Change
• Human Impact on Habitat

## Social Studies

### Subject Areas

• History: Students study the history of their family and school to learn chronological thinking and how to use historical sources.  Students compare the present with the past.

• Geography: Students learn the concept of Place by constructing simple maps, learning examples of absolute and relative location, and differences between land and bodies of water.  Students also study human and physical characteristics of the earth.

• Economics: Students begin to learn basic concepts of economy through discussion on Wants and Needs.  Students will understand the difference between Producers and Consumers as well as how Scarcity and Choice affect the economy.

• Civics/Government: Students begin learning basic concepts of government through activities around rules, enforcing rules, fairness, and conflict resolution.  They gain exposure to symbols of America to help build an understanding of citizenship and patriotism.